Renaissance recorder data base

This data base started life as a much- used and scruffy photocopy of Bob Marvin's 1972 article "Recorders and English Flutes in European Collections", Galpin Society Journal 1972. Over the years, this indispensable information has been augmented with my own measurements and observations, and further information kindly supplied by other makers, and researchers.
I have used all known, (to me) original recorders made with a typical "renaissance" construction. I have therefore included later instruments in one piece, such as those by J.C. Denner and G. Walch, which I find are interesting for comparison. With some help from museums and other researchers and makers, I hope that it may one day be possible to match more recorders into sets, or surviving members of sets, to add to our knowledge about the manufacture and use of these wonderful instruments. I would more than welcome any further contributions or corrections to this list, which I will update periodically.

Adrian Brown, May 2005.

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Adrian Brown - Writings

Notes and abbreviations:

Pitch: Lowest note of the instrument with all holes closed at a = 440 Hz. Pitch of extended recorders is given without taking into account the extension. + indicates a pitch about a quarter-tone sharp; -, a pitch about a quarter-tone flat.
ML-J type: Maggie Lyndon-Jones [now Kilbey], A Checklist of Woodwind Instruments Marked !!, Galpin Society Journal 52 (1999): 243-80.
SL: Speaking length in mm. 
TOL: Total length in mm.
Inv. No: Inventory number
est: Estimate of original pitch
mod: Instrument has been drastically shortened or modified, pitch given is an estimate of the original pitch.
Sizes: I have used the following criteria when naming recorder sizes, these are only intended as an aid to description and do not imply their musical usage.

Sopranino “size”: Speaking length <25cm

Soprano “size”:

Speaking length >25cm, <32cm

Alto “size”:

Speaking length >32cm, <45cm

Tenor “size”:

Speaking length <45cm, no key

Basset “size”:

Keyed without crook

Bass “size”:

Keyed with crook

Great bass “size”:

Keyed with crook, Speaking length >140cm